MazaCoin (MZC) is a decentralised open-source cryptocurrency forked from Zetacoin in March 2014. It was conceived as a result of signing a memorandum of understanding with the Oglala Sioux Tribe, a native American tribe in North America. An inscription was placed into the genesis block to remind the users about the reasons behind creating MazaCoin. It reads: "The Black Hills are not for sale. 1868 is the LAW!", referring to the Sioux treaty with the US government signed in 1868. The cryptocurrency uses the proof-of-work consensus mechanism, with a total of 2.4192 billion coins mined during the first five years, followed by 1 million coins per year thereafter.
MazaCoin is the national currency of the Oglala Lakota Nation and is used in place of a national currency, opting for a digital currency format. Mazacoin was developed by the BTC Oyate Initiative, under the direction of Payu Harris, a Native American activist, web developer, and digital currency trader who has traced his ancestry to the Northern Cheyenne tribe. Harris hopes that the currency will cause the international community to "realize we’re serious about our sovereignty", as well as help alleviate poverty within the nation.
The digital currency is a type of cryptocurrency, and like the cryptocurrency bitcoin, MazaCoin can be bought or sold on international cryptocurrency exchanges, or it can be obtained through virtual "mining". The underlying software for MazaCoin is derived from that of another cryptocurrency, ZetaCoin, which in turn is based on bitcoin's SHA-256 proof-of-work system. It includes 50 million pre-mined Mazacoin, equally split by the Lakota Nation between a national reserve and a planned "Tribal Trust", which it is hoped will help "to prevent the wild speculation that has caused bitcoin such price volatility."One of its differences from bitcoin is that it is "inflationary" (in the Austrian economics sense—see inflation for the mainstream sense); while there is a maximum cap of 21 million bitcoins that will be produced, there is no similar cap for MazaCoin. The Lakota Nation anticipates that 2.4 billion MazaCoin will be produced within five years, and drop to 1 million MazaCoin per year thereafter. Another difference from bitcoin is that it is "simpler" in a way that makes it consume less power to run the cryptographic mining algorithm, making it more environmentally friendly.
The MazaCoin development received a Memorandum of Understanding between the Oglala Lakota Nation & the MazaCoin Development Team.
On 25 March 2014, David Mills, Director Oglala Sioux Tribe, Office of Economic Development commented on the status of MazaCoin that the tribe is "for support of more research" and "if we are satisfied with the outcome we will develop a resolution to the Tribal E&BD Committee in support of this venture to be forwarded on the Tribal Council for final approval."
The MazaCoin development team officially endorsed a community-built and -driven website called MazaTalk.
"This coin has a block target of 120 seconds, and a block reward of 1000 MZC, halving now every 950,000 blocks. The initial block reward was 5000MZC, which was lowered to 1000MZC at block 100,000 when the difficulty retartgeting algorithm was changed in Mazacoin"
The Fort Laramie treaty of 1868 ended Red Cloud’s war and guaranteed the ownership of the Black Hills to the Oglala Lakota. MazaCoin was created as response to the seizure of the Black Hills. Their genesis blockchain serves as a ledger, which reads, "The Black Hills are not for sale. 1868 is the LAW!"
At the beginning of 2014, Harris signed an agreement with the Oglala Sioux tribe economic development Department and now this cryptocurrency is in circulation on the territory of the Lakota reservation. At the same time, its future is still unclear. Journalist Forbes tried to learn the opinion of Mazacoin the elders of the rakata, but they just brushed it aside, redirecting it to Harris.
Did not ignore the news and representatives of the FBI, who called the leader of Lakota, to warn him that in fact bitcoins and other cryptocurrencies are not a legal means of payment, ie currency.
Harris, however, is not inclined to listen to this warning and organizes an educational campaign that will tell everyone about the benefits of MazaCoin cryptocurrency.
- MazaCoin official website
- @MazaCoin on Twitter
- Officially endorsed community website MazaTalk.com
- "Crypto-Currency: Lakota Nation set to launch MazaCoin", O'Gorman, Helen. Financial Crime Asia (website). 19 February 2014.
- MazaCoin price and market state on Coin360
- Memorandum of Understanding between the Oglala Lakota Nation & the MazaCoin Development TeamDocument published by unknown user on Google Docs website.
- David Mills, Director Oglala Sioux Tribe, Office of Economic Development on the status of MazaCoin
- Statement By The MazaCoin Development Team On The New Website MazaTalk Statement posted by anonymous user "Guest" on Pastebin website.
- Treaty of Fort Laramie